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Reformists Win Majority in Iran

TEHRAN, Iran, May 6, 2000 (AP)--In another crushing defeat at the polls for Islamic hard-liners, Iran's largest reform party said today that allies of the moderate president swept 52 of the 66 seats in run-off legislative elections.

State-run Tehran radio said the counting was completed from Friday's elections. It read the names of the winners, but did not give their affiliations.

However, the Islamic Iran Participation Front, which is run by the brother of President Mohammad Khatami and is the nation's largest reformist party, said that presidential allies made a clean sweep.

Mohsen Pirzadeh, an official at the party headquarters, said that 52 seats, or 80 percent, went to the reformers, with hard-liners trailing far behind with 10 seats, or 15 percent. Four seats went to independents. Pirzadeh said 43 winners were from the Islamic Iran Participation Front.

The hard-line Guardian Council, which oversees elections, still must endorse the results. It annulled a dozen reformist victories in the Feb. 18 first round, when reformers won 70 percent of the seats.

If the Council endorses the latest results and 29 first-round reformist victories in the capital, Tehran, that it has yet to finalize, reformers will easily control the parliament for the first time since the 1979 Islamic revolution.

With a simple majority in the 290-seat Majlis, reform-minded politicians could pass laws granting greater social freedoms and weakening hard-liners' grip on key institutions. Hard-liners control the judiciary, military and broadcasting.

In recent weeks, Islamic hard-liners trying to cling to power despite growing unpopularity have closed 16 pro-democracy newspapers and detained several leading supporters of Khatami's reforms.

Mohammad-Reza Khatami, head of the Islamic Iran Participation Front, called the results ``a clear message to all those people who in the recent months have been resorting to illegal means and seemingly legal pretexts to defeat this promising movement.''

``It is hoped that everyone would now bow to the vote of the people so that the pure ideals of the Islamic revolution and the programs of the esteemed president will be materialized under national unity and calm--and within the law,'' the state-run Islamic Republic News Agency quoted him as saying.

Whether the run-off results will open the way to more confrontation isn't clear. Opponents of reforms promoted by Khatami have shown they won't easily give up power.

Reformers maintain that the hard-line crackdown on newspapers and activists could be an attempt to provoke riots that would bring troops into the streets and create a state of national emergency. Such a situation would give hard-liners more time to maneuver.

Some reformers fear that another big election defeat for hard-liners could lead to an attempt to delay the May 27 opening of the Majlis, which constitutionally must be inaugurated on time except in a national emergency.

Khatami has a solid following among Iran's predominantly young population, and the president's pro-democracy allies had been expected to make a strong showing in the run-off.

In all, 132 candidates, including six women, were competing for 66 seats in 52 constituencies in Friday's balloting. Run-offs were needed in constituencies where no candidate received the minimum 25 percent of votes in February. Only the two front-runners from the last round were eligible to contest each seat.

Voting in constituencies where results were annulled was to take place at an as-yet unscheduled time.