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WHO Health Indicators - 1996

 
Group: Developing country
Date of update: August 1996
Indicators Reported by country and Regional office* Best alternate source
Latest value Reference year Value Reference year Source
TRENDS IN SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
GNP per capita (US$) 2320   1991-93 ...      
GDP per capita (purchasing power parity $)       5380   1993 UNDP
Annual population growth rate (%) 2.7   1991-93 2.6   1990-95 UN
Total fertility rate (per woman)       5.0   1990-95 UN
Crude birth rate (per 1 000 population)       35.5   1990-95 UN
Crude death rate (per 1 000 population)       6.7   1990-95 UN
Adult literacy rate: Both sexes 74.0   1991-93 68.6   1995 UNESCO
Male 63.0   1986-88 77.7   1995 UNESCO
Female 41.0   1986-88 59.3   1995 UNESCO
% of newborns weighing at least 2500 g at birth 92.0   1991-93 91   1990 WHO
% of children whose weight-for-age and/or height-for-age are acceptable by international standards       81 - 90   1995 WHO
- % children with acceptable weight for age only 87.0   1991-93 ...      
HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT
% of population with safe drinking water available in the home or with reasonable access - total 89.0   1989-90 83.0   1992 WHO
Urban 100.0   1989-90 89.0   1992 WHO
Rural 75.0   1989-90 77.0   1992 WHO
% of the population with adequate excreta disposal facilities available: Total 82.0   1989-90 67.0   1992 WHO
Urban 100.0   1989-90 89.0   1992 WHO
Rural 60.0   1989-90 37.0   1992 WHO
HEALTH RESOURCES
Dentists per 10 000 population 0.832   1989-91 ...      
Total national health expenditure as % of GNP 3.2   1986-88 2.6 a 1990 World Bank
% of national health expenditure devoted to local health care 38.0   1986-88 ...      
Total government health expenditure as a % of GNP       1.5 a 1990 World Bank
HEALTH SERVICES
% of pregnant women attended by trained personnel during pregnancy 69.0   1991-93 45   Around 1993 WHO
% of deliveries attended by trained personnel 73.0   1989-90 70   Around 1993 WHO
% of infants attended by trained personnel 43.6   1989-90 ...      
% of women of childbearing age using family planning 45.0 b 1991-93 65 c 1992 UN
% of infants reaching their first birthday that have been fully immunized against diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough 99.0   1991-93 92   1995 WHO
% of infants reaching their first birthday that have been fully immunized against poliomyelitis 99.0   1991-93 91   1995 WHO
% of infants reaching their first birthday that have been fully immunized against measles 96.0   1991-93 88   1995 WHO
% of infants reaching their first birthday that have been fully immunized against tuberculosis 100.0   1991-93 91   1995 WHO
% of women that have been immunized with tetanus toxoid (TT) during pregnancy 82.0   1991-93 51   1995 WHO
% of the population that has been immunized with Hepatitis B vaccine       54 d 1995 WHO
TRENDS IN HEALTH STATUS
Life expectancy at birth (years): Both sexes  68.0   1991-93 67.5   1990-95 UN
Male 67.0   1989-90 67.0   1990-95 UN
Female 68.0   1989-90 68.0   1990-95 UN
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) - Both sexes 34.0   1991-93 36.0   1990-95 UN
Probability of dying before 5th birthday: Both sexes       0.055   1995-2000 UN
Maternal mortality rate (per 100 000 live births) 50   1991-93 120   1990 WHO
Mortality from diarrhoeal diseases in children <5 yrs (No. of deaths)       30328   As of Sept. 1995 WHO
Mortality from cancer (all types) -No. of deaths :Male       10625 e 1985 IARC
- No. of deaths - Female       6844 e 1985 IARC
Prevalence of leprosy - No. of cases       2207 f 1995 WHO
Incidence of malaria - Annual no. of cases       64581   1993 WHO
Incidence of measles - Annual no. of cases       271   1995 WHO
Incidence of neonatal tetanus - Annual no. of cases       12   1995 WHO
No. of new cases of polio (previous 12 months)       90   1995 WHO
- Total Goitre Rate per 100 school-age children       30 g 1988-89 WHO
DMFT at age 12 years (mean value)       2.3   1991 WHO
Footnotes
.. Not applicable ... Not available
* Data collected during previous Health-For-All monitoring/evaluation exercises.
a As a % of GDP
b % of currently married women aged 15-45 yrs who have currently used a contraceptive method
c Age-group: 15-44 yrs. Data pertain to married couples, including, where possible those in consensual unions.
d Percent of children immunized by 12 months of age
e All types combined except skin cancers
f Registered cases. Estimated cases for 1994: 10 000
g Estimated from sub-national data and TGR prevalence of border regions in neighbouring countries.